1670 Zipporah Potter Atkins – The first free African American woman to own land in Boston

1760 Jupiter Hammon – First African American published author; poem “An Evening Thought: Salvation by Christ with Penitential Cries”

1768 Wentworth Cheswell – the first to be elected to public office. Town constable in Newmarket, NH

1773 Phillis Wheatley – first to publish a book
First African American church Silver Bluff Baptist Church, Aiken County South Carolina

1821 Thomas L. Jennings patent for the dry-cleaning process

1823 Alexander Twilight – first to receive a degree from Middlebury College  In 1836 he was the first to serve in Vermont state legislature

Freedom’s Journal NYC owned & operates newspaper Rev Peter Williams Jr

1837 Dr. James McCune Smith NYC first to be formally trained

1845 Macon Allen – licensed to practice law from Boston bar